Mary Magdalene

Mary Magdalene

Mary Magdalene

She was called “Magdalene” because she was from a town in Galilee called “Magdala” (“tower”), mentioned only in Matt. 15:39. In the parallel passage in Mark 8:10 this place is called Dalmanutha. It was on the west shore of the Lake of Tiberias, and is now probably the small obscure village called el-Mejdel, about 3 miles northwest of Tiberias. In the Talmud this city is called “the city of color,” and a particular district of it was called “the tower of dyers.” The indigo plant was much cultivated here.

Mary Magdalene is a very important person in the New Testament, and somehow controversial, a little like St. Peter. – From the Peter who denied the Lord, Jesus brought out a Saint. – From a prostitute, Jesus brought out St. Mary Magdalene, a faithful disciple, present at Calvary to the burial and just after the Resurrection, “the Apostle to the Apostles” says John Paul II, because Jesus ordered her after the Resurrection, Go to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’… and the Magdalene did just that. Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her. ((Jn.20:17-18).

First meeting with Jesus: Magdala is mentioned only in Matt. 15:39, at the end of the miracle of Jesus feeding the 4,000 (Mat.15:29-39), and probably Mary Magdalene met Jesus for the first time during this miracle in the vicinity of Magdala.

First mention of Mary Magdalene: A prostitute ?

The first time she is mentioned in the Bible is in Luke 8:3: After this, Jesus traveled about from one town and village to another, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God. The Twelve were with him, 2and also some women who had been cured of evil spirits and diseases: Mary (called Magdalene) from whom seven demons had come out; 3Joanna the wife of Cuza, the manager of Herod’s household; Susanna; and many others. These women were helping to support them out of their own means. (Lk.8:1-3).

Mary Magdalene is mentioned as some women who had been cured of evil spirits and diseases: Mary (called Magdalene) from whom seven demons had come out; (Lk.8:1-3). So, according to Dr Domonguez the Magdalene is first mentioned in the Bible as a Prostitute, that’s the meaning of the seven demons Jesus cast out from her. But by now she is already a good disciple, even helping with her money, These women were helping to support them out of their own means. (Lk.8:3).

Faces of Mary Magdalene:

Sixth Century: In 591, Pope Gregory the Great, emphasized the fact that Mary had worked as a prostitute: “She had coveted with earthly eyes, but now through penitence these are consumed with tears … She turned the mass of her crimes to virtues.” The Pope was criticized, but Dr Dominguez feels he was right. He presented the Magdalene as “model for penance”.

13th Century: In 1275, Jacobus de Voragine, a Dominican monk, authored “The Golden Legend,” which claimed Mary Magdalene had settled in France after the Resurrection. There, she preached the Gospel before retiring to a cave “in which place she had no comfort of running water, nor solace of trees, nor of herbs.” The tale was among the most widely read of the Middle Ages.

20th Century: In 1971, Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical “Jesus Christ Superstar” introduced the world to a thoroughly modern Mary, powerful, pretty—and still a prostitute. In her signature song, “I Don’t Know How to Love Him,” she marveled at Jesus’ effect on her: “He’s just a man. And I’ve had so many men before, in very many ways, He’s just one more.”

21st Century: In 2003 “The Da Vinci Code” claimed that Jesus and Mary Magdalene were married and together conceived a child. Dr Dominguez believes “The Da Vinci Code is the worst book and movie ever done about the Magdalene, it is a false heretical fantasy and even more, it is ridiculous”.

The Magdalene at Calvary and at the tomb:

55Many women were there, watching from a distance. They had followed Jesus from Galilee to care for his needs. 56Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons. (Mat.27:55, Mk. 115:41, Lk.23:55) . 57As evening approached, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. 58Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus’ body, and Pilate ordered that it be given to him. 59Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 60and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away. 61Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were sitting there opposite the tomb. (Mt. 27:57-61).

The Magdalene after the Resurrection:

The four gospels describe the Resurrection of Jesus on the first Eastern Sunday and the four gospels mention Mary Magdalene by name, all the gospels in their last chapter except John, which is the most extensive and dedicates to it the last two chapters, 20 and 21. Magdalene was the first one to see the tomb open, two angels appeared to her, and they asked her: 13They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?” (Jn.20) Now it is Jesus Himself who appeared to the Magdalene: “They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don’t know where they have put him.” 14At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus. 15″Woman,” he said, “why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.” 16Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’ ” 18Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her. (Jn.20). Here Jesus ordered Mary Magdalene to go to the Apostles and give them a massage, she is the Apostle to the Apostles, as remarked by John Paul II, Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’ ” And that’s exactly what Mary did: 18Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her. (Jn.20).

The Magdalene could not touch Jesus in Jn.20, 17Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. (Jn. 20:17, KJV)..

Here is the description in the Four Gospels:

John 20 The Empty Tomb

1Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance. 2So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!” 3So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. 4Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in. 6Then Simon Peter, who was behind him, arrived and went into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there, 7as well as the burial cloth that had been around Jesus’ head. The cloth was folded up by itself, separate from the linen. 8Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed. 9(They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.) (Jn.20:1-9) Jesus Appears to Mary Magdalene 10Then the disciples went back to their homes, 11but Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb 12and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus’ body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot. 13They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?” “They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don’t know where they have put him.” 14At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus. 15″Woman,” he said, “why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.” 16Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means Teacher). 17Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’ ” 17Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. (KJV). 18Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her.

Matthew 28 The Resurrection

1After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to look at the tomb. 2There was a violent earthquake, for an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and, going to the tomb, rolled back the stone and sat on it. 3His appearance was like lightning, and his clothes were white as snow. 4The guards were so afraid of him that they shook and became like dead men. 5The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. 6He is not here;